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Is acid sodium pyrophosphate dangerous?

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Is acid sodium pyrophosphate dangerous?

Is acid sodium pyrophosphate dangerous?

2022-08-31

What is acid sodium pyrophosphate?

It can be used as a moisture retention agent, leavening agent, acidity adjuster, etc., for baking mixtures, ready-to-eat, and prepared foods to improve the quality and shelf life of food. Phosphate additives, such as acid sodium pyrophosphate and phosphate compounds, may pose a safety hazard in certain concentrations. If you cook with many prepared foods, the phosphorus components present in many prepared foods, such as dairy products and meat products, can greatly increase the intake of phosphorus in the daily natural diet.


Properties of acid pyrophosphate

Acid sodium pyrophosphate or disodium pyrophosphate are edible phosphates that aid in baking fermentation, such as baking powder and prevent discoloration of foods, such as potatoes used after peeling. In manufacturing laboratories in most countries, due to the acidic nature of acidic sodium pyrophosphate, skin or eye contact, inhalation or ingestion can be very dangerous and even lead to severe inflammation.


Food sources

Acid sodium pyrophosphate is a component of baking powder, naturally baked flour, and corn flour. Commercially, it is used as an ingredient for pre-made cakes, puddings, waffles, pancakes, and muffins. Acid sodium pyrophosphate is also added to frozen dough products, flavored milk, bacon, potato products, and canned fish.

Recommended daily intake of phosphorus

It is recommended that people over the age of 18 consume 700 mg of phosphorus per day. This intake can supply enough phosphorus for the formation of healthy bones and the processing of cellular energy. The Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences sets a higher tolerance of 4,000 mg per day. Excess may result in loss of bone mineral density and the ability to adequately absorb dietary calcium. Since acid sodium pyrophosphate or other phosphate food additives are dispersed in standard amounts in prefabricated foods, it is difficult or impossible to obtain that much phosphorus from them. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the phosphorus-to-calcium ratio also plays an important role in dietary safety for phosphorus intake levels, and should not exceed 1 to 1, and the recommended intake of calcium for adults is 1000 to 1200 mg.


Health effects

Rather than boxed cake flour with a small amount of acidic sodium pyrophosphate added, it is more likely to consume more than safe amounts from foods high in phosphorus, such as burgers and milk products. For example, a fast food burger provides 353 mg of phosphorus, while a piece of cake made from a prefabricated white cake has a phosphorus content of 116 mg. Excessive phosphate intake may cause hyperphosphatemia blood evidence, leading to hypocalcemia or other severe electrolyte imbalances.


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